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Citation Guides   Tags: apa, chicago, citation, format, manuscript, mla, papers, plagiarism  

Find how to cite sources and properly format your paper in ALA, MLA, and Chicago styles.
Last Updated: May 28, 2015 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Citation Guides & Examples

Access color-coded citation examples from Long Island University by clicking the image below:

FREE Citation Tools

  • Son of Citation Machine  Icon  Icon
    Easy-to-use citation tool will help you format your sources in MLA (7th edition), APA (6th edition), Chicago or Turabian styles. Choose one of these styles and a list of different types of print and electronic resources will appear. Once you choose the type of source you are using, Son of a Citation Machine gives you an online form to plug in all the information and then will format the citation properly in the style you chose. Lots of help options along the way and great tool to make sure you don't miss a step (or period!).
  • Refworks  Icon  Icon
    Bibliography/citation manager allows users to import references from databases so that you can keep track of your research, easily add citations to your papers, and automatically format your bibliography. First-time users must register for a free account on-campus, and then can continue to login and use Refworks off-campus.
  • Endnote Web  Icon  Icon
    For the smart phone or tablet user! Search, organize and share research and automatically format bibliographies with a free account with Endnote Web which offers formatting in APA, MLA, and Chicago styles (and more!). Download the phone and tablet app and keep your work together on the go!


  • How Not to Plagiarize  Icon  Icon
    University of Toronto's site covering answers frequently asked questions about plagiarism and gives examples on how to paraphrase.
    Visually-appealing, short overview of plagiarism as well as how and when you must cite sources, and "ask the expert" space for Q&A, and further plagiarism resources including webcasts, tools, facts and stats, student materials, and news.

What is a citation?

A citation is what tells your reader that you got information from another source.  This is used to prevent plagarism, recognize another author's work, and make sure that you are using accurate information.

End of text citations make up your References (APA) or Works Cited (MLA) pages.  These are the two most common citation formats used.  To learn how to use either of these formats for your list of references, click on the tabs above.



There are several different ways to cite resources in your paper, most of which have been standarized and approved by professional or educational organizations such as the American Psychological Association for APA or the Modern Language Association for MLA.  The citation style usually depends on the academic discipline involved. For example:

  • MLA style is typically used by the Humanities (Art, Literature, Music, Philosophy, and Religion).
  • APA style is often used by Business, Law and the Social Sciences (Education, Psychology, Sociology).
  • Chicago/Turabian is generally used by History and some of the Fine Arts.
  • CSE style is used by most of the Sciences (Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, and Nursing).

IMPORTANT: Check with your instructor to make sure you use the style they require. And whatever style you choose, BE CONSISTENT!

For more information about the four mentioned citation styles (as well as how to use each one), check out the 5th edition Research & Documentation Online (Hacker Guide)


Citation book guides

Cover Art
A Pocket Style Manual - Diana Hacker; Nancy Sommers
Call Number: 808.042 HAC
ISBN: 9780312542542
Publication Date: 2012
"Used by nearly a quarter million students each year, A Pocket Style Manual is a straightforward, inexpensive quick reference, with content flexible enough to suit the needs of writers in the humanities, social sciences, sciences, health professions, business, fine arts, education, and beyond. Its slim format, brief length, and spiral binding make it easy for students to keep A Pocket Style Manual with them for every writing assignment, in any class. With its signature Hacker handbook quick-reference features—hand-edited sentences, color-coded documentation coverage, user-friendly index entries, and a clean, uncluttered design—A Pocket Style Manual has always provided fast, effective answers to writing and research questions." - from the publisher.

Cover Art
Cite right: A quick guide to citation styles--MLA, APA, Chicago, the sciences, professions, and more - Charles Lipson
Call Number: 808.027 LIP
ISBN: 9780226484648
Publication Date: 2011-05-15
"Thousands of students have turned to veteran teacher Charles Lipson for no-nonsense advice on how to cite sources properly—and avoid plagiarism—when writing their research papers. This new edition of Cite Right, the popular overview of all major systems of citation, has been updated to reflect the most current versions of Chicago, MLA, APA, and other styles, and to discuss citation methods in the rapidly changing context of the Internet, digital publishing, and e-books. Best of all, it's very easy to use." - from the publisher.

Cover Art
The College Student's Research Companion: Finding, evaluating, and citing the resources you need to succeed - Arlene Rodda Quaratiello; Jane Devine
Call Number: 025.524 QUA
ISBN: 9781555707293
Publication Date: 2010-11-01
"Most students faced with writing a research paper probably start at the same place--Google. Here's a cutting-edge guide that will save your students from fruitless, random web searching. Arlene Quartiello, formerly an academic librarian who now teaches college English, and Jane Devine, coauthor of Going Beyond Google, provide up-to-date guidance for using traditional and online sources. Students will learn to select a topic, effectively find and evaluate the best information in both print and electronic formats, and produce accurate and complete citations based on current versions of important styles guides and web resources. Each chapter includes exercises that reinforce the instruction and guidance. A companion website accompanies this new edition to give readers hot links for all of the book's URLs, and supplementary materials including additional exercises and examples that help clarify how to apply the techniques. Written in an easy, breezy style and filled with real-world examples, illustrative diagrams, and screen shots, this is the ideal guide for anyone aspiring to write an excellent research paper on their own or following this text in a research skills or information literacy course. Instructors: Interested in adopting this textbook? Neal-Schuman Publishers is happy to tell you more about the book or arrange an exam copy. E-mail for more information." - from the publisher.


Something missing? Broken links? Can't find what you need? Please submit your feedback here!

Helena College Library staff is grateful for any feedback or suggestions students, staff and faculty provide which will imrpove these resource guides.  Please tell us if a link is not working or what specific information you are looking for which you couldn't find - we appreciate it!  

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Writing Guides

The following writing Websites feature citation help (using quotations, when and how to credit outside sources) as well as guides on how to format your paper in a particular style--APA, MLA or Chicago.  Also, get writing tips and advice on how to write different types of documents, from persuasive essays to research papers. 


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